Citizenship Amendment Act Summary Explained (CAA-2019)

Citizen Amendment Act 2019

Can all illegal migrants acquire citizenship before the Citizenship Amendment act? After this act?

Before bill: An illegal migrant is prohibited from acquiring Indian citizenship. An illegal immigrant is a foreigner who enters India illegally.Before this bill all illegal migrants can be prosecuted or imprisoned or deported.

After Bill: The Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, or Christian religious communities who came from Pakistan , Afganistan or Bangladesh are exempted from being imprisoned and deported by Government of India who came to India before 31 december 2014,They will be given Citizenship of India.

How the Citizenship Amendment act changed the criteria of Citizenship?

The Bill proposes that the specified class(Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, or Christian) of illegal migrants from the three countries will not be treated as illegal migrants, making them eligible for citizenship. For the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, or Christian religious illegal migrants, the number of years of residency has been relaxed from 11 years to five years.

Are the provisions of the Citizenship Amendment Act applicable across the country?

No the provisions of the act are not applicable across the country.The areas which are excluded are: (i) the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Tripura, as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution, (ii) the states regulated by the “Inner Line” permit under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations 1873. These Sixth Schedule tribal areas include Karbi Anglong (in Assam), Garo Hills (in Meghalaya), Chakma District (in Mizoram), and Tripura Tribal Areas District.

Why differentiation among illegal migrants in citizenship amendment act? Is it reasonable?

The justification for making differentiation among illegal migrants given by Govt. Of India is that millions of citizens of undivided India were living in Pakistan and Bangladesh, no reason has been provided to explain the inclusion of Afghanistan.The community which are included for giving citizenship are minority in all the three countries (Pakistan,Afganistan,Bangladesh). The objective of the Bill is to provide citizenship to migrants escaping from religious persecution(ill-treatment), it is not clear why illegal migrants belonging to other neighbouring countries, or belonging to religious minorities from these three specified countries, have been excluded from the Bill. As per my view Act may be reasonable keeping in view of minorities but the Justification is not reasonable.

Do the citizenship amendment act relates to Citizens of India or any specified minority ?

No Indian Citizens who have acquired Indian citizenship by birth or any other way will not be affected by this act whether they belong to any major religious community or any minor religious community.So any religious community of India need not to worry about this act.

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